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|Title:||Serum Retinol but Not 25(OH)D Status Is Associated With Serum Hepcidin Levels in Older Mexican Adults|
|Keywords:||AgedAged, 80 and overAnemiaCross-Sectional StudiesFemaleHepcidinsblood,HumansMaleMexicoMiddle AgedPrevalenceVitamin Ablood,Vitamin A DeficiencybloodVitamin Danalogs derivativesVitamin DbloodVitamin D Deficiencyblood,SD|
|Abstract:||1) Elevated hepcidin levels have been linked to anemia of inflammation (AI). Retinol deficiency has shown to upregulate hepcidin expression in animals, while conflicting evidence links VD status with hepcidin concentration in humans. The purpose of the study is to explore if VA and VD status are associated with hepcidin concentrations in older Mexican adults (OA). 2) Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in summer 2015, using serum samples from 783 fasting OA ages 60 and above residents from Campeche and Yucatán. VA deficiency (VAD) was defined as serum retinol concentration 20 μg/dL and VD deficiency (VDD) as 25(OH)D 50 nmol/L. The log-hepcidin was the outcome variable expressed as continuous and tertiles of its distribution. Linear and ordinal regression models were used. 3) Results: VAD was present in 3.4% and VDD in 9.5% of OA. Log-retinol was inversely associated with log-hepcidin (coeff.: -0.15, 95%CI: -0.2, -0.09). VAD status shown a higher probability than non-VAD for higher hepcidin tertiles (OR = 2.15, 95%CI: 1.24, 3.74). VDD states was not associated with hepcidin in the linear (coeff.: 0.16, 95%CI: -0.02, 0.34) nor the ordinal model (OR = 0.74, 95%CI: 0.42, 1.28). 4) Conclusions: VAD, but not VDD, status was inversely associated with hepcidin concentrations in OA.|
|Appears in Collections:||Articulos|
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